As did the Western World, the Eastern World had Dark Ages too. The most notorious example is that of Japan in which dozens of gigantic strongholds were built.
The story of most of these go back hundreds of years during the time of the Shoguns and, mainly; civil wars.
Additionally, castles were also built in order to defend the Japanese interests from foreign invaders - most notorious the Mongols who kept trying to invade them throughout their history. Nevertheless, the time in which the most amount of Japanese castles were built, was during the Shogun times, as mentioned above, in which many internal battles took place.
Japanese castles were very similar to European because they were both stormed in the same way. Ultimately, Japanese castles could usually withstand a siege much longer as they were very disciplined and in some extreme cases they could last up to a year or more defending themselves.
As it can be noted in the image above, Japanese castles featured a complete different architecture from European castles. Their decorations were totally different and so where the ways to defend them.
Additionally, in Japan, honor played an even greater role when defending castles as the defenders would hold on to the last moment instead of giving up. This was rarely the case as many times relief arrived before, but when it didn't mostly the samurais defending would commit seppuku or hara-kiri in order to kill themselves.
This practice, hara-kiri, was very common during Feudal Japan and it continued throughout the centuries and it still happens even today! In terms of medieval Japan, it frequently happened and it was common to never surrender even if it was clear that a battle was to be lost.
Among the Asians, many different cultures existed. The most powerful was (supposedly) the Mongol tribe as they managed to conquer a very big percentage of Asia (including some China and Russia) and as far as the Middle East with some European invasions.
Mongols - The mongols were hated because of the extreme fear they inspired on their enemies. Even though they were low in numbers (approx. 200,000 at their peak), the mongols were very effective at totally banquishing any resistance and having order within their empire.
Even though many more Asian invasions took place - none of them were very important as the equipment of the eastern civilizations was much better than that of the Asians.
Additionally, the Europeans were much greater in number as some cities would peak more than a hundred thousand inhabitants whilst the Asians had not as many.
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