Medieval Information

Everything About the Dark Ages

Castles of the World



This is a list of the categories of castles located within this website.

-English Castles - Features English castles such as the Tower of London, Windsor Castle and more.

-French Castles - Among its castles are the Foix Castle, the Vincennes Castle, and more.

- German Castles - Features the Falkenstein Castle, the Wartburg Castle and more.

- Irish Castles - It includes an introduction to Irish castles as well as a brief description of the most important ones.

- Italian Castles - Contains information about the most important Italian castles including San Gimignano and more.

- Scottish Castles - The most important Scottish castles are located in this page along with a brief introduction and pictures of each one of them.

- Spanish Castles - Alcazar of Segocia, Castillo de Coca and Penafiel Castle are just some examples of the huge variety of Spanish castles in existence today.

- Castles From the Rest of the World - This page includes a list of the most famous castles not contained in the previous categories.

Medieval Warfare



The following list of articles contains a huge array of information about medieval warfare. I strongly recommend that you read the following articles in order:

- Medieval Warfare - Contains information about the way battles were fought a thousand years ago including new technologic developments, battle formation, logistics the way troups retreated and more.

- Medieval Weaponry - This article features a vast amount of information about medieval weapons. It includes an extensive research about swords, daggers, bows, maces and more. Additionally, it contains information about shields which were used as weapons.

- Medieval Castles History - This article contains many resources to pages which contain plenty of information about the history of medieval castles.

- Important Medieval Battles - This article features the most important battles that were fought during the Middle Ages.

- Medieval Siege Weapons - Features a quasi-complete list of the medieval siege engines used to both storm and castle and defend it. Additional resources are located at the end of this article.

- Naval Warfare - Describes the way battles were fought on water. Additional information includes the develpment of cannons for ships, pirates and more.

- Viking Invasions to Europe - The most remarkable adversaries that most of Europe had during the early Medieval Times were the Vikings. What brought an end to their savage and continous raids to Europe? What kind of troops did they command? Who was the last Viking warlord? Find these, and more answers in this article.

- Asian Invasions to Europe - Asian invasions were though not as frequent, still a threat to Europe. Learn about them here.

- Medieval Crusades - Not only is the first crusade contained in this article, but all of them are. What happened during the crusades? Were they successful? What was the children's crusade? Who was Saladin? Learn this and much more in this category of this website.

- The Hundrer Years War - Who was Joan of Arc? What did she do? What was the event known as the Hundrer years War? What originated it? Find all the answers in this article.

- Medieval Shields - Features the way shields were used during combat.

- Viking Weapons and Fighters - The Vikings were formidable opponents in the battlefield. Learn about their tactics and the weapons they used in this article.

- Retreating from a Battle - When a battle was lost, a calm retreat could save hundreds of soldiers while panic could kill them all. Learn about how soldiers retreated in this article.

Medieval Life



The following articles are meant to provide both students and teachers with a full knowledge about medieval life. I have arranged the following articles in hierarchical order for a better understanding to be had:

- Brief Insight into Medieval Life - Features the life of most medieval people during the Middle Ages. Additionally, this article includes many resources for further reading and links to other pages.

- Life in a Medieval Castle - How was life in a medieval castle? It is a common belief that inhabiting a castle could be a remarkable experience; but how true is this statement?

- Medieval Feudalism - Feudalism is the system that managed most of Europe from the X to the XXII century. It's importance is very remarkable for it successfully expelled the Vikings and other invading tribes from Europe...

- Medieval Health - How was the health of a regular medieval peasant? Was, as some say, medieval health based purely in religion?

- Medieval Knights - Knights are often portrayed as strong and noble, but what was the purpose of their existence? Were they really lovely and noble to their beloved, or were they something completely different to what we are shown every day? Find out!

- Medieval Sorcery, Witches and Spells - Witches were feared throughout the Medieval Times, reason for which many torture devices were designed specifically for them. Medieval people were very superstitious which made them fear witches, sorcerers, spells, cats and more.

- Medieval Housing
- The better the house one inhabited, the wealthier he looked. This was true throughout the Middle Ages and it is still a reality today. This article's scope is to acknowledge the reader into the way houses were used, who inhabited and where they were situated.

- 1 Day of Being a Peasant - A peasant would often spend much - if not most - of his time working the land in order to make a living. This article is divided in 24 sections all describing what a regular peasant would do during each hour of the day.

- How was Food Acquired During the Medieval Times? - This article's main scope is to inform the reader about the different kinds of food and how it was acquired a thousand years ago.

- Medieval Gold and Jewelry - Jewelry was a very important aspect for medieval people since gold itself represented the most effective way for merchants to sell their goods. Additionally, medieval people were also obsessed with jewelry, most notoriously the king and queen.

- Medieval Entertainment - What did peasants do to entertain themselves? Did kings celebrate feasts for diversion? Learn this and more in this article.

- Medieval Folklore - Robin Hood, Mythology, Witches, Dragons - read these and more stories in this section of this site.

- Medieval Literature - The Middle Ages were not a time without any art or science. As a matter of fact much literature did exist and you may read all about it in this page.

- Medieval Agriculture - For most peasants, agriculture meant their whole life. Kings, nobles, lords and knights all depended in agriculture for their survival. Serfs were the ones in charge of working the land. Agriculture was a very important practice which was done in all countries and in every town. Agriculture was far more important than fishing and hunting, but you should read more about this in this article.

- Medieval Torture - What inspired fear in peasants and supposedly reduced crimes committed during the Middle Ages was torture. Torture has existed since the very beginning of humanity, but it was during the Dark Ages when its use became even much more widespread and began to be used to punish heretics, thieves and other criminals.

- Medieval Crimes - Features information about crimes, punishments and more.

- Medieval Professions - Ranging from spies to smiths, everyone capable had to have a profession.

- Medieval Life - For more information about medieval life, make sure to visit this section of

Medieval Castle History



In this website you will learn all about medieval castles including the way they were attacked, defended and inhabited. Since it would be virtually impossible to hold such an immense array of information within one single page, I have broken it into many pages. I recommend that you read the following articles in order:

-History of Medieval Castles - Features the beginning and end of medieval castles. Additionally, it has many resources available for further reading.

-Castle Attackers - How were castles attacked? Which weapons were used a thousand years ago to overcome a castle's defenses? Learn about this here.

-Castle defenders - When a siege was evident, defenders deployed many traps to protect themselves. When this failed, and no possibility to attack was conspicuous, defenders often had to spend weeks or months resisting a siege.

-Medieval Castle Timeline - The medieval castle timeline shows how castles evolved through time.

-Castle Frequently Asked Questions - Features many questions and answers that have been asked to me through my e-mail. This is a great learning resource - remember that you may send more questions at

-Improvements to Castles After Gunpowder was Implemented into Medieval Warfare - After the Battle of Cracy, medieval warfare changed enormously. Castles had to be fortified in order to prevent cannons from hastily destroying a wall - and cannons were incorporated into a castle's defense as well.

-Why did Castles in the Medieval Times Change? - Why did castles change?

-Castle Rooms - Depending on a castle's size, bigger or smaller rooms were built. The king and queen had an enormous chamber very often.

For a complete reading of medieval castle history, read the medieval castle information page which is frequently updated.

Medieval History



It is not possible for one to fully write about the Middle Ages in a single article. Henceforth, I have made a complete list of articles contained within this site for the sole purpose to provide you with as much information as possible. I strongly recommend that you read the following articles in order:

-Introduction to the Dark Ages - This page features information about the period that spawned Europe from the V to the XV century.

- Medieval Life - How did people live during the Middle Ages? Were there many diseases? Read this article which contains many sources for your study.

- Medieval Warfare Required Reading - This page features links to many resources about medieval warfare including important battles, retreating techniques, and much more. Additionally you will learn about the ways a castle was stormed and defended including the improvements castles suffered throughout the ages.

- Medieval Castles - This page features a huge amount of information about the history of medieval castles which is required for you to have a good understanding of medieval history.

- Medieval Feudalism Feudalism was the most important practice in medieval Europe. It successfully enriched the king while stopping foreign invasions.

- Medieval Glossary - For you to completely understand the articles contained within this website, it is extremely important that you get used to the medieval nomenclature. Henceforth, you should try to memorize as many terms as possible which are contained within this excellent resource.

- Medieval Facts - This page features hundreds of facts about the Medieval Times.

- Medieval Kings - Kings were the fundamental part of the medieval system. They controlled vast areas of land and held enough power to wage war at another kingdom.

- Medieval Knights - We all imagine knights as strong and noble. How true is this claim? What were knights after? How many knights existed? Read this article to find these and more questions.

- Medieval Plague - During the Middle Ages, plague was very frequent. Read this excellent article to know exactly what happened and how many deaths were accounted to plagues in general.

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